This report explores the attitudes and experiences of two groups of adults. The first are those who are self-identified Hispanics. The second are those who have Hispanic ancestry but do not consider themselves Hispanic — i. Racial and ethnic identity on surveys and in the U. Any survey respondent who says they are Hispanic is counted as Hispanic, and those who say they are not Hispanic are not counted as such.
This practice has been in place on the census since for Hispanic identity and since for racial identity. These findings emerge from two Pew Research Center national surveys that explored attitudes and experiences about Hispanic identity among two populations. The first survey, conducted Oct. The second is a first-of-its-kind national survey of U. It was offered in English and Spanish from Nov.
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Together, these two surveys provide a look at the identity experiences and views of U. Immigration from Latin America played a central role in the U.
But by the s, U. And the Great Recession, 2 coupled with many other factors, significantly slowed the flow of new immigrants into the country, especially from Mexico. As a result, the U. Hispanic population is still growing, but at a rate nearly half of what it was over a decade ago as fewer immigrants arrive in the U.
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Over the same period, the Latino intermarriage rate remained relatively high and changed little. In , In both and , Latino intermarried rates were higher than those for blacks or whites. A similar pattern is present among those who are married, according to the two surveys. But that share declines across the generations. These trends may have implications for the shape of Hispanic identity today.
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With so many U. These trends also have implications for the future of Hispanic identity in the U. Lower immigration levels than in the past and continued high intermarriage rates may combine to produce a growing number of U. And even among those who do self-identify as Hispanic or Latino, those in the second and third or higher generations may see their identity as more tied to the U.
As a result, even estimates of the number of Americans who self-identify as Hispanic could be lower than currently projected. But these projections assume that many current trends, including Hispanic self-identity trends, will continue.
When it comes to describing themselves and what makes someone Hispanic, there is some consensus across self-identified Hispanics. However, not all Hispanics agree, with views often linked to immigrant generation. The immigrant experience is an important part of the U. Hispanic experience. Roughly four-in-ten self-identified U.
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Census Bureau data. Some U. The terms that self-identified Hispanics use to describe themselves can provide a direct look at their views of identity and the link to their countries of birth or family origin. Third or higher generation Latinos were born in the U. Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article. Volume 65 , Issue 4 November Pages Related Information. Close Figure Viewer. Browse All Figures Return to Figure. Previous Figure Next Figure. Email or Customer ID.
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Forgot password? About, J. Lonergan, eds. People, Papers and Practices London Device is incompatible to play the video. Share this lecture. Bookmark this lecture. Download this lecture. Professor Jane Caplan. Professor Caplan said of the series: "The lectures will focus on three signs or marks of identity: the personal name , handwriting and the signature , and the tattoo.
Read More. Extra Lecture Materials. Download audio file. Proving Identity in English and European History. This is part of the conference: How do I know who you are? Surveillance, Citizenship and the State Cambridge C. Related Future Lectures. Part of a series. Close X. Upcoming Lectures. How to Avert a Climate Catastrophe. Faster than Light?
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